AK Native Languages and Legislation

Legislative Actions

The Alaska government has historically worked to eradicate Alaska Native languages. Today, the Alaska government has a duty to recorrect those actions with legislation and funding that supports Alaska Native language revitalization. Without government support, it's hard to run schools, to apply for grants, and to realize larger-scale projects for language revitalization and maintenance. Below is a brief history of policy decisions in Alaska, relating to language.


You can learn how other governments have supported Indigenous language learning by clicking on the links under "In the Lower 48 and Beyond"

Alaska Policies

2018 – Linguistic emergency declaration, HCR19

2014 – Official Languages Act (revising the 1998 English-only version), AS 44.12.310

1995 – Native Language Education, AS 14.30.420

The Lower 48 and Beyond

Happening Now

Linguistic Emergency Resolution - HCR 19

Limited Teaching Certificates - HB 102


Alaska Native Languages Bill - 2015

Toyukuk v. Treadwell 2013

Alaska Native Language Preservation and Advisory Council - 2012

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Updated September 2020. 

All images and maps are courtesy of the Alaska Native Language Archive and the Alaska Native Language Center

Original funding for this site provided by Alaska Humanities Forum with in-kind support from the Alaska Native Language Preservation & Advisory Council. Quyana to the volunteers who assist in keeping this website running. 

This website acknowledges the traditional territories of the many Indigenous Alaskan Nations that have lived in and taken care of the lands of Alaska since time immemorial.